Vietnam is known as a multicultural country, 54 ethnic groups are 54 different cultural characteristics, which makes the cultural diversity of this country. Among them, traditional festivals are also a typical feature of each nation. In this article, we will introduce Top 5 traditional festivals in Vietnam that Netherlands citizens may be interested.
1. Lunar New Year
Lunar New Year, also known as Tet holiday is the traditional festival of Vietnam which starts on January 1st on the lunar calendar every year. On these days, people all over the country will rest, visit family, relatives, and friends or go to pagodas or churches for peace and prosperity. This is also a chance for everyone in the family to reunite together after years of hard work, far from home making a living. Cleaning up, decorating the house and cooking “Banh Tet” or “Banh Chung” are these activities in this holiday and very important for each family member.
2. Hung King’s death anniversary
Hung King’s death anniversary, also known as Hung Temple festival, is a traditional festival of the Kinh people, in memory of the Hung Kings who have built the country of Vietnam. The ritual is held on the 10th of the third lunar month in the whole country when all Vietnamese organizations, agencies often have large activities to commemorate this day, such as organizing visit Hung Temple to burn incense burn for Hung Kings. Besides, there are also activities such as sports, entertainment, and drama to celebrate.
3. Giong Festival
Giong festival, one of the largest festivals in the Northern Delta, is held in Phu Dong village, Gia Lam district, Hanoi. The festival takes place on the 9th day of the fourth lunar month to commemorate the great merit but the preparations for the festival are started from March 1st to April 5th on the lunar calendar. The festival takes place on 2 days with many interesting activities.
4. Kate Festival
This is the largest and most crowded festival of ethnic Cham in Ninh Thuan province. The Kate Festival (also known as the Father’s Memorial Ceremony) which takes place at the Polthong Garai (Ninh Thuan) tower, or other Cham towers from September 25th to October 5th commemorates the national heroes, ancestors, grandparents and gods, and the Polthong Garai King – the king of Prome. During festive days, the people in the surrounding areas gather near the observatory. Besides, there are traditional performances of Cham girls and men.
5. Huong Pagoda Festival
This festival lasting from January 6th to the end of the March on the lunar calendar takes place all over Huong Son, My Duc district, Hanoi. This is considered the festival with the longest time in this country as well. In the ancient Vietnamese opinion, Huong Son was considered as the land of Buddha, and Huong Pagoda is a place to worship Quan Yin Buddha. The ceremony at Huong Pagoda is Buddhist ceremony with the presence of pilgrims from all over the country. During the festival, tens of thousands of people visit the mountains, caves and pray at the temple.
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